By Orosol | On 12 October, 2013 In Culture
Among the many and varied options that Ibiza offers us, high on the list is its history. For those eager to learn more, the island is brimming with opportunities to delve into its fascinating past. Arguably the best place to start is at the magnificent archaeological museum and Punic necrópolis located at Puig des Molins.
The museum was recently renovated and reopened in December 2012, after having remained closed to the public for seventeen years. The result is absolutely first class. The collection showcases the fruits of years of excavation at the site, which for centuries served as an ancient necropolis. Here funeral rites were carried out from Phoenician times until the Byzantine era.
The necropolis is considered one of the most important excavations in the Mediterranean due to the many different types of graves and sepultures it contains, the large amount of ground it covers and its excellent state of conservation. Because the site constitutes a fundamental key to unlocking early island history, the thousands of artefacts unearthed here have been the focus of intense investigation for more than a century. This cumulus of factors makes it one of the most important archaeological sites for Phoenicio-Punic culture in the world.
It was at the end of the 7th century B.C. that the Phoenicians established themselves on and around Puig de Vila hilltop and founded a permanent settlement at the edge of the bay of Ibiza, thus forming the nucleus of the present day city. It was at this time that the lower part of the nearby Puig des Molins hilltop began to be used as a burial site.
The exhibit at Puig des Molins Museum, (an extention of the Dalt Vila Museum), spans five rooms in order to systematically cover the site’s entire period of active use. Among the many valuable Phoenician and Punic remains displayed there, the remarkable bust of the goddess Tanit is considered the most important. To this day in Ibiza, the goddess inspires artists. and many continue to believe in her positive influence. Her bust was discovered in 1913 at the necropolis.
In addition to its archaeological treasures, the museum also provides us with models made to scale, audiovisual materials and other didactic aids to help us better understand this vital phase in island history.
Vía Romana, 31. Ibiza town.
Telephone + 34 971 30 17 71.